September to December period constitutes the second major rainfall season in Uganda. During the 44th Climate Outlook Forum (COF44) for the Greater Horn of Africa that was held at Speke Resort Hotel Munyonyo from 29th to 30th August 2016, the national, regional and international climate scientists reviewed the current state of the global climate systems and their implications on the seasonal rainfall over the east African region. It was observed that the major physical conditions that are likely to influence the evolution of weather conditions over Uganda and the rest of the region for the forecast period of September to December 2016 will be mostly La Niña conditions over equatorial eastern pacific Ocean that are predicted to persist during the rest of the 2016 and early months of 2017. It should be noted that when La Niña occurs, most parts of Uganda receive suppressed rainfall. Other conditions include:-
Based on the current La Niña conditions as well as details of the climatology and scientific tools for climate analysis, Uganda National Meteorological Authority (UNMA) in the Ministry of Water and Environment, has come up with the detailed forecast as illustrated in the figure below:
The President of the Republic of Uganda, H.E. Yoweri Kaguta Museveni recently appreciated the work being done by Uganda National Meteorological Authority (UNMA) in providing weather and climate information to the public and specific advisories to farmers and relevant sectors.
UNMA got this approval when honored by a visit from the President during the 24th source of the Nile Agriculture and Trade exhibition, in Jinja that was held from the 11th to the 17th of July, 2016.
After addressing the exhibitors at the main VIP hall, the President returned to the UNMA stall where he released the hydrogen inflated weather balloon amidst cheers of workers and exhibitors. The President later took time to talk to the Management and staff of UNMA who included the Chairperson BoD, Dr. Robert K. Rutaagi, the Executive Director, Mr. Festus Luboyera, Board Member Ms. Anita Kigonya, and staff.The President first visited UNMA stall while touring the different exhibition stalls and chatted with the staff who were led by the Manager, Training and Research, Ms. Margaret Nankya Serwanja where he was given the June, July, August (JJA) seasonal outlook booklet that he went with and later, was seen referring to it to sensitize the big farmers at different stalls.
Eager and excited Management and staff of UNMA wait for the President’s visit, and the release of the hydrogen inflated weather balloon by the President
The forecast period (June, July and August) is generally part of the dry season over most parts of southwestern, central, Lake Victoria basin and some parts of eastern region but a continuation of rainfall season for much of the northern Uganda. Following the conclusion of the 43rd Climate Outlook Forum for the Greater Horn of Africa held in Naivasha, Kenya from 30th – 31st May 2016, the national, regional and international climate scientists reviewed the state of the global climate system and its implications on the seasonal rainfall over the East African region. It was observed that the major physical conditions likely to influence the weather conditions of Uganda and the rest of the region for the forecast period of June to August 2016 are as follows:
UNMA therefore predicts that for the season June to August (JJA) 2016, overall there is an increased likelihood of near normal tending to above normal rainfall over the northern and some parts of eastern region, while the rest of the country is expected to experience below normal rainfall punctuated with occasional light rainfall.
UNMA's March 2016 rainfall analysis indicates that most parts of the country generally experienced relatively low rainfall. Indeed, some areas remained dry and sunny for the larger part of the month. However, some areas in Western, South-Western and Lake Victoria basin experienced substantial amounts of rainfall during March. The onset of rainfall season was reported to have been established in the first and second week of March for most areas in Western and South-Western. However, most parts of the country started experiencing the onset towards the end of March.
Uganda National Meteorological Authority (UNMA) held a number of activities to commemorate the World Forestry, World Water and World Meteorological Days on 21st, 22nd, and 23rd March 2016 respectively. Among the activities were Aiding El Nino affected patients in Serere District, installation of rain guages and a School Quiz. This year's celebrations were held in Serere District with the international theme: "Hotter, Drier, Wetter, Face the Future", World Met Day 2016.